Bibliography
Time Covered

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A Catalogue of the Paintings, Sculptures, Architecture, Models, Drawings, Engravings &c.: Now Exhibiting under the Patronage of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, at Their Great Room in the Strand. London: Printed by James Harrison, opposite Stationers-Hall, Ludgate-Street, 1764. https://go-gale-com.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/ps/i.do?p=ECCO&u=camb55135&id=GALE|CB0127760693&v=2.1&it=r&sid=primo.

Abkowitz, Alyssa. "RJ Models's Flashy Replicas of Luxury Homes; The Model-maker Creates Intricate Designs from Its Workshop in Shenzhen, China." Wall Street Journal (Online) (New York, N.Y.), 2015.

Albee, Edward, and Billy Rose Theatre. Tiny Alice : A Play. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1965.

Alberti, Leon Battista, Cosimo Bartoli, and Giacomo Leoni. The Ten Books of Architecture : The 1755 Leoni Edition. New York: Dover Publications, 1986.

Breisch, K. "ORIEL PRIZEMAN. Philanthropy and Light: Carnegie Libraries and the Advent of Transatlantic Standards for Public Space." The American Historical Review 118, no. 3 (2013): 821.

Burry, Mark. Blurring the Lines. Architecture in Practice. Chichester, England ; Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley, 2006.

Busch, Akiko. "True or False: Model Photography Is High Art." Architectural Record 180, no. 5 (1992): 34.

Busch, Akiko. The Art of the Architectural Model. 1st ed. New York, NY: Design Press, 1991.

   Akiko’s Art of the Architectural model is a key text as it provides an overview and evolution of architectural model making in the 20th century.


Carazo Lefort, Eduardo, and Noelia Galvan Desvaux. "Aprendiendo Con Maquetas. Pequeñas Maquetas Para El Análisis De Arquitectura ; LEARNING WITH MODELS. Little Models for the Analysis of Architecture." 19, no. 24 (2014): 62-71.

Carazo Lefort, Eduardo. "La Maqueta Como Realidad Y Como Representación. Breve Recorrido Por La Maqueta De Arquitectura En Los 25 Años De EGA ; Models, Reality and Representation. A Brief Tour through the Architectural Model in EGA’s 25-year Print Run." 23, no. 34 (2018): 158-171.

Carazo Lefort, Eduardo. "MAQUETA O MODELO DIGITAL. LA PERVIVENCIA DE UN SISTEMA. ; SCALE MODEL OR DIGITAL DESIGN MODEL. THE SURVIVAL OF A SYSTEM." 16, no. 17 (2011).

Carpo, Mario. "The End of the Digital." Harvard Design Magazine, no. 35 (2012): 167-90.

Carpo, Mario. 2019. “Particlised: Computational Discretism, or The Rise of the Digital Discrete.” Architectural Design 89 (2): 86–93. doi:10.1002/ad.2416.

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Ceccato, Cristiano, Lars Hesselgren, Mark Pauly, Helmut Pottmann, and Johannes Wallner. Advances in Architectural Geometry 2010. Berlin: Ambra Verlag, 2016. http://search.ebscohost.com.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=1893534&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Columbano, Alessandro, and Michael Dring. “The Pedagogy of Using a RP Architectural Model.” Virtual and Physical Prototyping 5, no. 4 (August 2010): 195–200. https://doi.org/10.1080/17452759.2010.528842.

Constanzo, Gerald. "Dollhouse Technique Focuses on Building Dreamhouses." Marketing News 18, no. 16 (1984): 15.

Cremer, Annette. "A Miniature State: The Dollhouse City of Princess Augusta of Schwarzburg (1666-1751)." The Court Historian 20, no. 2 (2015): 167-86.

Delidow, Margo. “Architectural Models: Materials, Fabrication, and Conservation Protocols.” Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 52, no. 1 (2013): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1179/0197136012z.0000000001.

Doshi, Balkrishna V., Snehal. Shah, and Akshara Foundation. Architectural Models : Works of Architect Balkrishna Doshi. Ahmadabad: Akshara Foundation, 2003.

Dunn, Nick. 2014. Architectural Modelmaking. Vol. Second edition. London: Laurence King Publishing. http://search.ebscohost.com.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=910072&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Fargo, Jason. "Designer Dollhouse." I.D. [USA] 48, no. 2 (2001): 14.

Fok, Wendy W, and Antoine Picon. "The Ownership Revolution." Architectural Design 86, no. 5 (2016): 6-15.

Forman, Robert. Architectural Models. Make It Yourself. London & New York: Studio, 1946.

Garofalo, Luca., and Peter Eisenman. Digital Eisenman : An Office of an Electronic Era. Basel ; Boston ; Berlin: Birkhäuser, 1999.

Guo, Boya, John May, and Harvard University. Graduate School of Design. Critical Chinese Copying : Authenticuty & Originality in the Built Environment of Contemporary China, 2017.

Harvey, Justine. "Edible Architecture." Interior, no. 13 (2014): 94-95.

Hastie, Amelie. "History in Miniature: Colleen Moore's Dollhouse and Historical Recollection." Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 16, no. 3 (2001): 112-157.

Hendrick, Thomas William. The Modern Architectural Model. London: Architectural Press, 1957.

Hill, David. "Unveiling the Models of Brad Cloepfil." Architect 105, no. 2 (2016): 65.

Horden, Richard. "Models through Time." The Architectural Review 232, no. 1387 (2012): 96-97,4.

Iwamoto, Lisa. Digital Fabrications :architectural and Material Techniques. Architecture Briefs. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2009.

Janke, Rolf. Architectural Models. New York: Architectural Book Pub., 1978.

Jerlei, Triin. "The Secret Dollhouse: Craft and Resistance in Stalinist Estonia." The Journal of Modern Craft 10, no. 2 (2017): 157-74.

King, Ross. Brunelleschi's Dome : The Story of the Great Cathedral in Florence. London: Chatto & Windus, 2000.

Knoll, Wolfgang, and Hechinger, Martin, Author. Architectural Models Construction Techniques. 2nd ed. S.l.], 2007.

Liefooghe, Maarten. 2019. “Tactically Ambiguous Performance: The 1:1 Model of Mies’s Krefeld Golf Clubhouse Project by Robbrecht En Daem Architecten.” Journal of Architecture 24 (3): 340–65. http://search.ebscohost.com.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bvh&AN=811447&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Lindsey, Bruce, and Frank O. Gehry. Digital Gehry : Material Resistance, Digital Construction. IT Revolution in Architecture. Basel ; Boston ; Berlin: Birkhäuser, 2001.

Meredith, Michael. "AFTER AFTER GEOMETRY." Architectural Design 83, no. 2 (2013): 96-103.

Mikula, Maja. "Miniature Town Models and Memory: An Example from the European Borderlands." Journal of Material Culture 22, no. 2 (2017): 151-72.

Mindrup, Matthew. The Architectural Model : Histories of the Miniature and the Prototype, the Exemplar and the Muse. Cambridge, Massachusets: MIT Press, 2019.

Model of the Temple at Paris, with its various buildings, and the tower in which the King, Queen, and royal family of France, have been imprisoned since the 13th of August. S.n., [1792]. Eighteenth Century Collections Online, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/CW0104861877/ECCO?u=camb55135&sid=ECCO&xid=7852da2b. Accessed 26 May 2020.

Moloney, Jules. "Videogame Technology Re-Purposed: Towards Interdisciplinary Design Environments for Engineering and Architecture." Procedia Technology 20 (2015): 212-18.

Mullane, Matthew. "Model Tenants: Tokyo's Archi-Depot." Log, no. 39 (2017): 39-43. Accessed May 29, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/26323999.

Museum, Albert, and Digital Media. “Architectural Models in the V&A and RIBA Collections.” Architectural Models in the V&A and RIBA Collections. Victoria and Albert Museum, Cromwell Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2RL. Telephone 44 (0)20 7942 2000. Email vanda@vam.ac.uk, January 31, 2013. http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/a/architectural-models-in-the-v-and-a-and-riba-collections/.

Nilsson, Fredrik. "Exploring Architectural Knowledge by Making and Reconstructing Historical Artefacts." 10-24. 2016.

Paes, Daniel, Eduardo Arantes, and Javier Irizarry. “Immersive Environment for Improving the Understanding of Architectural 3D Models: Comparing User Spatial Perception between Immersive and Traditional Virtual Reality Systems.” Automation in Construction 84 (2017): 292–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2017.09.016.

Pattinson, Graham Day. A Guide to Professional Architectural and Industrial Scale Model Building. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1982. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015002903535&view=1up&seq=5.

Payne, Alina. “Architecture: Image, Icon or Kunst der Zerstreuung?”. Das Auge der Architektur. Ed. A. Beyer. Berlin: Fink Verlag (2010). 3-39.

Picon, Antoine, Chandler Ahrens, and Aaron Sprecher. "Digital Fabrication, Between Disruption and Nostalgia." In Instabilities and Potentialities: Notes on the Nature of Knowledge in Digital Architecture, 223-38. 1st ed. Routledge, 2019.

Pocobelli, Boehm, Bryan, Still, and Grau-Bove. "BIM for Heritage Science: A Review." Heritage Science, 2018, Heritage Science , 6 , Article 30. (2018).

Porter, Tom., and John Neale. Architectural Supermodels : Physical Design Simulation. Oxford, England: Architectural Press, 2000.

Retsin, Gilles. 2017. “Teapots, Dresses and Chairs.” Architectural Design 87 (6): 126–33. doi:10.1002/ad.2248.

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Rykwert, Joseph. Leonis Baptiste Alberti. Architectural Design ; v. 49, No. 5-6. London: Architectural Design, 1979.

Schilling, Alexander. Architecture and Model Building: Concepts, Methods, Materials. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2018.

Schilling, Alexander. Architecture and Modelbuilding : Concepts, Methods, Materials. Basel/Berlin/Boston: Birkhauser Verlag GmbH, 2018. Accessed May 26, 2020. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Sheil, Bob. Manufacturing the Bespoke : Making and Prototyping Architecture. AD Reader. Chichester: John Wiley, 2012.

Siebein, Gary W. "A Comparison of Architectural Acoustic Scale Models to Their Prototype Room." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 70, no. S1 (1981): S44.

Smith, Albert. Architectural Model As Machine : A New View of Models from Antiquity to the Present Day. Jordan Hill: Taylor & Francis Group, 2004. Accessed May 26, 2020. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Stavrić, Milena, Predrag Šiđanin, and Bojan Tepavčević. Architectural Scale Models in the Digital Age : Design, Representation and Manufacturing. Wien, [Austria] ; New York:
Springer, 2013.

Stoddart, Simon, Anthony Bonanno, Tancred Gouder, Caroline Malone, and David Trump. "Cult in an Island Society: Prehistoric Malta in the Tarxien Period." Cambridge Archaeological Journal 3, no. 1 (1993): 3-19.

Sun, Lei, Tomohiro Fukuda, Toshiki Tokuhara, and Nobuyoshi Yabuki. "Differences in Spatial Understanding between Physical and Virtual Models." Frontiers of Architectural Research 3, no. 1 (2014): 28-35.

Thorne, James Ward, Kathleen. Culbert-Aguilar, and Michael Abramson. Miniature Rooms : The Thorne Rooms at the Art Institute of Chicago. 2nd ed. Chicago, Ill. : Manchester, Vt.: Art Institute of Chicago ; Distributed by Hudson Hills Press, 2004.

Ulrich, Roger B. A Companion to Roman Architecture. 1st ed. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. 2013.

Wilton-Ely, John. "The Architectural Models of Sir John Soane: A Catalogue." Architectural History 12 (1969): 5-101.

이주현. "THE POWER OF ARCHITECTURAL MODELS IN MUSEUMS." 박물관학보, no. 27 (2014): 79-109.

21st C.

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Mid 20th C.

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1300-2020 CE


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21st C.

21st C.


300-1700 CE

21st C.


Early 21st C.


1984 CE

1666-1751 CE


Late 20th C.


Late 20th C.


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21st C.

21st C.

Early 20th C.

Late 20th C.

20th C.


Mid 20th C.

20th C.


Mid 20th C.

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2012 CE

21st C.

Mid 20th C.

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1360-1380 CE

Late 20th C.

1900-2020 CE



Late 20th C.


21st C.

20th C.


BCE - 21st C.


18th C.



21st C.


Late 20th C.

0 - 20th C.



1930 CE

21st C.



Mid 20th C.


1700-2020 CE


21st C.


21st C.


20th C.

21st C.

2012 CE

1404-1472

Early 21st C.


Late 20th C.


21st C.

Late 20th C.


BCE - 21st C.


14th - 21st C.



3000-2500 BCE


21st C.


20th C.


200 BCE - 500 CE

1600-1850 CE

2014 CE